The Five Clinical Scales on
The following brief scales (3-6 items each) assess the severity of clinical conditions often associated with negaffect (that is, depression, anxiety and anger) assessed by Qpass.
Suicide Risk Scale
The Suicide Risk Scale is a 3-item scale designed for assessing suicide risk. High scores on this scale suggest that the respondent is at risk for inflicting self-harm or committing suicide. Even low SuR scores indicate the need for close observation and monitoring of the respondent’s suicidal tendencies.
Violence Risk Scale
The 4-item Violence Risk items assess malevolence (“desires for harm to come on someone”), urges to beat or hit someone, urges to kill someone, and the respondent’s self-rated likelihood to kill or harm someone physically in the near future. High scores on this scale suggest that the respondent may have strong violent urges that could place him or her at risk for committing a violent act. Even low ViR scores could indicate the need for close observation and monitoring of the respondent’s violent potential.
The 6-item Psychoticism Scale measures the degree to which a person’s internal disturbance interferes with ordinary interaction with the world. A high Psy score also indicates that current stressors are viewed as vastly overwhelming to the respondent. Items assess intrusive thoughts, fears of losing control or going crazy, depersonalization, derealization, feeling alienated from others, and flashbacks.
The Obsessive-Compulsivity Scale is a 5-item scale that includes symptoms often associated with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The OC assesses disturbing intrusive thoughts and compulsive behaviors, both of which reflect DSM-IV criteria for OCD. Also included are the following: difficulty concentrating, difficulty making decisions, and psychomotor retardation.
Phobic Avoidance Scale
The third clinical scale, called the Phobic Avoidance Scale is a 4-item scale assessing avoidance of places, objects, social situations, and being out of the home during the past month due to excessive fear or discomfort. Avoidant behavior is often a maladaptive strategy employed by phobic patients to reduce their anxiety.